Written by Bernadette Clair, Senior Regulatory Compliance Counsel
The Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) recently issued a proposed rule that would align adjustable rate mortgage (ARM) notification requirements and the look-back period for FHA-insured single family mortgages with the Truth in Lending Act (TILA), as implemented by the CFPB’s Regulation Z mortgage servicing rule (“mortgage servicing rule”) published in the Federal Register February 14, 2013, and which became effective January 10, 2014.
Currently, FHA regulations have a 30 day look-back period for determining the current index to use for interest rate changes on FHA-insured ARMs and require notification at least 25 days in advance of a corresponding change in the mortgagor’s monthly payment. These timeframes were consistent with the rate adjustment notification requirements of prior Regulation Z, which required notice of rate adjustments between 25 and 120 days before the due date of the new payment. However, going forward, these timeframes will not be sufficient to comply with the revised timing requirements in Regulation Z, section 1026.20(c), which generally requires advance notice of a rate change with a corresponding payment change between 60 and 120 days before the new monthly payment is due.
Noting the timing issue for existing ARMs with short look-back periods, the CFPB’s mortgage servicing rule included special timing requirements for providing the section 1026.20(c) notice for ARMs with look-back periods less than 45 days and originated prior to January 10, 2015. For these loans, the section 1026.20(c) disclosure must be provided at least 25 days, but no more than 120 days, before the new payment is due. This “grandfathering” of loans with look-back periods of less than 45 days was intended to provide HUD with enough time to bring its regulations in line with TILA and the mortgage servicing rule.
Accordingly, HUD is now proposing two revisions to FHA regulations that would (1) establish a 45 day look-back period for FHA-insured ARMs, instead of the current 30 day look-back period; and (2) require the mortgagee of an FHA-insured ARM to comply with the disclosure and notification requirements in the mortgage servicing rule.
For additional details, the proposed rule is available here. HUD is accepting comments until June 9, 2014.
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