Written by Bernadette Clair, Regulatory Compliance Counsel
Last week, the CFPB issued Small Entity Compliance Guides for the TILA Higher-Priced Mortgage Loans Appraisal Rule (HPML Appraisal Rule), Equal Credit Opportunity Act (ECOA) Valuations Rule, and 2013 Home Ownership and Equity Protection Act (HOEPA) Rule.
Today I want to highlight an excerpt from Section 3 of the HPML Appraisal Rule Guide which discusses when the disclosure requirements of the HPML Appraisal Rule and ECOA Valuations Rule overlap and provides guidance on how to comply with the disclosure and timing requirements when both rules apply to a transaction. From the guide:
“III. How do the Appraisals for Higher-Price Mortgage Loans Rule and the Equal Opportunity Credit Act Valuations Rule overlap?
For first-lien HPMLs that are covered by the HPML Appraisal Rule, the disclosure requirements overlap with the ECOA Valuations Rule. The ECOA Valuations Rule implements Dodd-Frank Act amendments to ECOA, which require you to provide consumer disclosures and free copies of appraisals and other written valuations.
You can use the disclosure under the ECOA Valuations Rule to satisfy the requirements of this rule. The ECOA guide and the ECOA Valuations Rule are online at http://www.consumerfinance.gov/regulations/disclosure-and-delivery-requirements-for-copies-of-appraisals-and-other-written-valuations-under-the-equal-credit-opportunity-act-regulation-b/.
The ECOA Valuations Rule imposes a different deadline structure for providing copies of appraisals to consumers. Under the ECOA Valuations Rule, the copies of appraisals must be provided “promptly upon completion” or three business days before closing, whichever is earlier.
As a result, if the appraisal is completed early in the application process, then the “promptly upon completion” deadline will come first, since it will be earlier than the three-business-days-before-closing deadline under this rule.
In addition, the applicant can waive the deadline under the ECOA Valuations Rule and elect to receive the copies at closing, whereas the applicant cannot waive the three-business-days-before-closing deadline under the HPML Appraisal Rule.
If the transaction is subject to both rules, then comply with the earlier deadline. The HPML Appraisal Rule deadline will be earlier if the applicant provides a waiver under the ECOA Valuations Rule.
For example, if an applicant waives the deadline under the ECOA Valuations Rule, you will still need to comply with the three-business-day-before-closing requirement in this rule.
If the applicant does not waive the three-business-days-before-closing deadline, generally the ECOA Valuations Rule “promptly upon completion” deadline will be earlier.
IV. What text do I use in my disclosure to consumers?
Use this text in your disclosure to consumers:
“We may order an appraisal to determine the property’s value and charge you for this appraisal. We will give you a copy of any appraisal, even if your loan does not close. You can pay for an additional appraisal for your own use at your own cost.”
For a first-lien transaction, you can also add the word “promptly” to the disclosure, telling the consumers you will “promptly” give them the copy. Then you will have the same disclosure used to comply with the ECOA Valuation Rule. (Regulation B, 12 CFR 1002.14(a)(2))”
NAFCU Members: Check out this month’s Compliance Monitor (available for download here) which features an in-depth discussion of these disclosure and timing requirements in the article entitled New Appraisal Disclosure Requirements: Regulation B and Higher-Priced Mortgage Loans (NAFCU login required).